In SSA, Nigeria and Niger are the biggest producers of cowpea (Abate et al. 2012). In Nigeria, 56% of the cowpea produced is sold (Rusike et al. 2013) and may be considered a luxury good since consumption rises with income (Ning and LaRochelle 2016). Sale of cowpea fodder in Nigeria accounts for 44% of total value and 56% of the grain (Kristjanson et al. 2005). In Nigeria, 3.5 bundles of cowpea haulms are worth 1 kg of grain (Samirereddypalle et al. 2017). Niger is the major exporter and Nigeria the biggest importer of cowpea (Langyintuo et al. 2003).
|Non-market||Domestic market||Export market|
IMPORTANT TRAITS NEEDED TO MEET ENVIRONMENTAL STRESSES AND END USES
|Societal||Resistance to environmental stresses||End uses|
|Nutrition and health||Biotic||Abiotic||Market||Non-market|
|Cooking time, protein, Ca||Insects (aphid, thrips, pod-sucking bug, maruca), Striga||Drought (early maturity), low P||Yield, colour, haulm yield, digestibility|