Description of Past and On-going Activities
Host plant resistance: Over the last few decades, CIMMYT, ICRISAT and IITA together with national partners and seed companies have developed and deployed an array of improved climate-resilient tropical sub-tropical maize varieties across SSA.
Low-Cost Agronomic Practices and Sustainable Agro-ecological Management: Earlier R4D initiatives led by ICIPE, IITA and CIMMYT, CABI with partners resulted in establishment of IPM strategies encompassing biological control and habitat management, such as Push-Pull, for management of stemborers and striga weeks.
Biological control and biorational pesticides: Initiatives for identification ICIPE, IITA, ICRISAT, CABI, CIMMYT and NARS partners.
Awareness Creation among Farming Communities: CABI, CIMMYT and USAID, together with several research and development partners, has recently published a comprehensive IPM-based Technical Guide on FAW management. CABI is very involved with farmer training in day to day activities.
Proposed technologies for FAW in Africa and Asia:
- Native host plant resistance for maize and sorghum
- Low-cost agronomic practices and habitat management for sustainable cropping intensification (including cereal-legume intercropping, push-pull strategy);
- Effective crop monitoring and scouting of the fields for timely detection and effective interventions.
- Biorational pesticides (including botanical pesticides such as Neem, Melia), and biopesticides (e.g., Bt and baculoviruses).
- Biological control agents (egg/larval/pupal parasitoids and predators); native trait-based conventional FAW resistant maize cultivars in Africa-adapted genetic germplasm; and other biopesticides within 1-2 years.
- Developing baseline information on FAW damage, natural control, impacts, and how farming communities are managing the pest.
- Awareness creation on the best agronomic practices, and updating pest management decision guides to farming communities.
- Regional-level monitoring, surveillance and early warning system.
- Studies on weather/climatic parameters on the influence of FAW incidence.
- Capacity building of NARES, NGOs, private sector, farmers for institutionalizing the best practices through workshops, field days, and postgraduate training.
- Fast-track the registration of safer pesticides, biorational pesticides through regional policy harmonization.
- Testing of innovative IPM technologies (native resistance, agroecological practices, biological control, biorational pesticides, and chemical control).
- Validation of best bet IPM packages for specific agroecological zones/regions.
- Technology transfer and promotion for proven innovative management packages.
- Baseline information on FAW damage, natural control, impacts documented.
- Awareness created on the best agronomic practices, and pest management decision guides updated and published.
- Regional-level monitoring, surveillance and early warning system developed.
- Studies on weather/climatic parameters on the influence of FAW incidence undertaken.
- Capacity of NARES, NGOs, private sector, farmers strengthened.
- Registration of safer pesticides, biorational pesticides improved.
- Innovative IPM technologies (native resistance, agroecological practices, biological control, biorational pesticides, and chemical control) identified and tested.
- Best bet IPM packages for specific agroecological zones/regions validated.
- Proven innovative management packages transferred and promoted within the farming communities.