Description of Past and On-going Activities

Host plant resistance: Over the last few decades, CIMMYT, ICRISAT and IITA together with national partners and seed companies have developed and deployed an array of improved climate-resilient tropical sub-tropical maize varieties across SSA.

Low-Cost Agronomic Practices and Sustainable Agro-ecological Management: Earlier R4D initiatives led by ICIPE, IITA and CIMMYT, CABI with partners resulted in establishment of IPM strategies encompassing biological control and habitat management, such as Push-Pull, for management of stemborers and striga weeks.

Biological control and biorational pesticides: Initiatives for identification ICIPE, IITA, ICRISAT, CABI, CIMMYT and NARS partners.

Awareness Creation among Farming Communities:  CABI, CIMMYT and USAID, together with several research and development partners, has recently published a comprehensive IPM-based Technical Guide on FAW management. CABI is very involved with farmer training in day to day activities.

Proposed technologies for FAW in Africa and Asia:

  • Native host plant resistance for maize and sorghum
  • Low-cost agronomic practices and habitat management for sustainable cropping intensification (including cereal-legume intercropping, push-pull strategy);
  • Effective crop monitoring and scouting of the fields for timely detection and effective interventions.
  • Biorational pesticides (including botanical pesticides such as Neem, Melia), and biopesticides (e.g., Bt and baculoviruses).
  • Biological control agents (egg/larval/pupal parasitoids and predators); native trait-based conventional FAW resistant maize cultivars in Africa-adapted genetic germplasm; and other biopesticides within 1-2 years.

Activities:

  • Developing baseline information on FAW damage, natural control, impacts, and how farming communities are managing the pest.
  • Awareness creation on the best agronomic practices, and updating pest management decision guides to farming communities.
  • Regional-level monitoring, surveillance and early warning system.
  • Studies on weather/climatic parameters on the influence of FAW incidence.
  • Capacity building of NARES, NGOs, private sector, farmers for institutionalizing the best practices through workshops, field days, and postgraduate training.
  • Fast-track the registration of safer pesticides, biorational pesticides through regional policy harmonization.
  • Testing of innovative IPM technologies (native resistance, agroecological practices, biological control, biorational pesticides, and chemical control).
  • Validation of best bet IPM packages for specific agroecological zones/regions.
  • Technology transfer and promotion for proven innovative management packages.

Outputs:

  • Baseline information on FAW damage, natural control, impacts documented.
  • Awareness created on the best agronomic practices, and pest management decision guides updated and published.
  • Regional-level monitoring, surveillance and early warning system developed.
  • Studies on weather/climatic parameters on the influence of FAW incidence undertaken.
  • Capacity of NARES, NGOs, private sector, farmers strengthened.
  • Registration of safer pesticides, biorational pesticides improved.
  • Innovative IPM technologies (native resistance, agroecological practices, biological control, biorational pesticides, and chemical control) identified and tested.
  • Best bet IPM packages for specific agroecological zones/regions validated.
  • Proven innovative management packages transferred and promoted within the farming communities.

Presentation

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