Pigeonpea in India is primarily sold as a cash crop for processing into dhal. India’s growing demand for pigeopea is met by imports from Myanmar and ESA. In ESA, pigeonpea is also a cash crop, with 35% of the produce sold in Malawi (Simtowe et al. 2011), 50% in Tanzania (Shiferaw et al. 2005) and 60% in Kenya (Shiferaw et al. 2008). Green pigeonpea is used for domestic consumption (Shiferaw et al. 2008). ESA exports pigeonpea to the Indian diaspora, but exports to India are limited by tariffs that protect the Indian milling industry (Orr et al. 2017). In 2015, ESA exported 44% of total grain produced, mostly to India (Abate et al. 2012).
|Non-market||Domestic market||Export market|
IMPORTANT TRAITS NEEDED TO MEET ENVIRONMENTAL STRESSES AND END USES
|Societal||Resistance to environmental stresses||End uses|
|Nutrition and health||Biotic||Abiotic||Market||Non-market|
|Cooking time, protein, Ca||Fusarium wilt, pod borers||Drought (medium maturity), insensitivity to photoperiod and heat||Yield, colour, grain size and shape, ease of de-hulling||Fuelwood|