ariety and hybrid development for robust, responsive global to national breeding systems producing and delivering novel varieties and allied innovations at appropriate scale and scope
What is the profile of Sorghum variety 12KNICSV-188 (IMPROVED DEKO)?
Samboni or ICSV 1361063 is an improved short guinea type sorghum variety (open pollinated variety or OPV) with 115 days of maturity released in the ECOWAS seed catalogue in 2018 by the International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT) under the lead of the Institut d’Economie Rural (IER), Mali.
The breeder and foundation seed production of this variety started in 2018-2019. After field demonstrations through NGOs and farmers’ organizations in 2019, the demand for Samboni started increasing and in 2020, six hectares were planted by seed cooperatives for certified seed production and an average of 12 tons of seed were produced for commercialization in 2021. Thus, a local business was created around the variety and efforts are ongoing for creation in other countries of West Africa.
Results achieved through this innovation
Samboni is now a new sorghum variety that is improving productivity and production in Mali. The variety exhibited high grain yield of 2.8 t/ha on station and 1.6 t/ha in farmers’ field across a range of environments and during two successive years. As compared to farmers’ variety (Tieble) which is widely grown in the Sudan zone (700 mm-1200 mm), Samboni has grain yield advantage up to 25% with bold grain that is well adapted to local processing and food.
Partners and funders of this Innovation
This innovation was achieved and disseminated to the farmers through the partnership between ICRISAT), Institut d’Economie Rurale (IER), the McKnight Foundation Networking4Seed, USAID Innovation Lab for Climate resilient Sorghum, and the BMGF-funded HOPE II project and CRP-GLDC.
Next steps to scale this Innovation
This innovative cultivar contributes to SDG 2 “End hunger, achieve food security and improved nutrition and promote sustainable agriculture”, and SDG 1 “To end poverty in all its manifestations by 2030”. These cultivars contribute to nutrition and food security goals, have been taken up by users as a Stage 4 and Maturity level 3 innovation, i.e., policy and/or practice changes influenced by this new sorghum cultivar has led to adoption or impacts at scale or beyond the direct CGIAR sphere of influence.
Different projects including EU-APSAN-Mali, GIZ-ESPHYV, etc. are now promoting this variety using network of public-private extension services in Mali. The variety can be also scaled in all the ECOWAS country where it can help to enhance food and nutrition security.
Author(s): Ramya Kulkarni (CRP-GLDC MEL Team), Baloua Nebie (ICRISAT) and Aboubacar Toure (ICRISAT)
Acknowledgment: This work was undertaken as part of, and funded by the CGIAR Research Program on Grain Legumes and Dryland Cereals (GLDC) and supported by CGIAR Fund Donors.