Rainy-season sorghum in India is a cash crop with 64% of the production sold (Kumara Charyulu et al. 2016a). Ninety percent of postrainy season sorghum is used as food by low-income consumers, with 10% for food processing and a small share for poultry feed (Basavaraj and Parthasarathy Rao 2012). Sorghum stover constitutes 40% of the total value of sorghum production (Bhagavatula et al. 2013). Sweet sorghum for ethanol is unprofitable without higher extraction rates and administered prices (Basavaraj et al. 2012). In WCA, sorghum is used almost entirely for domestic consumption and stover. In Nigeria, 70% is used for subsistence and 15% for processing (Gourichon 2013), including 5% for making clear sorghum beer (Ndjeunga and Nelson 1999). In
ESA, about 94% of sorghum is used for subsistence and 6% for flour processing and clear beer (Orr et al. 2017). Sorghum grain is not used for poultry feed in ESA (Orr et al. 2017) nor for feed in WCA.
|Non-market||Domestic market||Export market|
IMPORTANT TRAITS NEEDED TO MEET ENVIRONMENTAL STRESSES AND END USES
|Societal||Resistance to environmental stresses||End uses|
|Nutrition and health||Biotic||Abiotic||Market||Non-market|
|High Fe, Zn, folate||Anthracnose, Striga, birds||Drought (early maturity), low P||Yield, taste, colour, low tannin, stover yield, digestibility||Fuelwood|